How to grow jasmine – the most fragrant of climbers (2024)

Once you know how to grow jasmine successfully you’ll find it’s an adaptable, tolerant climbing plant that will reward your efforts with a show of delicate flowers that goes on for months.

Prized for its intoxicating summer fragrance and dainty flowers, jasmine is a valuable addition to any garden. It’s a vigorous climber and evergreen types are used to soften boundary walls or fences all year round. You can even opt for star jasmine, for star-shaped flowers.

And if you can plant it near an outdoor seating area you'll be able to enjoy its scent on warm days. In other words, it's a definite must-have on any flower bed ideas wish list.

How to grow jasmine

Below, there's advice and expert tips on how to grow jasmine, plus information on how to grow winter jasmine.

How to grow summer jasmine

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Summer jasmine (jasminum officinale), also known as common or true jasmine, or sometimes poet’s jasmine, flowers through June, July and August, producing a heady scent.

Jasmine thrives in well-drained soil in a sheltered part of the garden. It prefers full sun but can also tolerate part shade. It’s deciduous – sheds its leaves – but in sheltered positions becomes semi-evergreen. For those living in smaller spaces, why not learn how to grow jasmine in pots, for a fragrant container display?

Is jasmine easy to grow?

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Jasmine is very easy to grow. If you’re buying a jasmine plant from a nursery or garden center, look for one with vigorous healthy shoots and leaves. You can plant summer jasmine in your garden in spring or autumn, although less-hardy varieties should be protected or kept in a greenhouse over winter. Most varieties survive well in a sheltered spot outside.

You can also plant jasmine in pots – in fact, for us, it's one of those container gardening ideas you can successfully take with you when you move home – or relocate a seating area. You will need to provide some kind of wigwam support, and a generous-sized container of at least 45cm diameter. Fertilizing jasmine can also be a good idea to encourage blooming during the growing season.

How to plant jasmine

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Gardeners’ World's TV gardening expert Monty Don is a big fan of jasmine. ‘When it’s in full glory it can cover a wall in this mass of flower that repeats,' he says. It's a tender plant, but sited next to a south-facing sunny wall, it has the protection and warmth it needs. Monty Don adds grit to improve drainage, saying 'You can’t go wrong improving the drainage for any plant that loves being baked in sunshine.’

To get your jasmine off to a good start, dig your planting hole slightly bigger than the pot, adding grit to improve the drainage, and compost or well-rotted manure to feed the plant and boost its flower power.

Backfill with soil to the same level as it was in its original pot. If you’re planning to train it up a support, young plants will need a cane angled towards the support to point them in the right direction. Keep new and established jasmines healthy and productive by feeding a high-potash feed once a week in summer.

Does summer jasmine need support?

Summer jasmine doesn’t need support, as it will twine its way upwards – perfect if you're looking for easy to train, scented flowers to complement the pergola ideas you're considering. However, you may prefer to use some supports to train it to grow where you want it and keep them in check.

We asked gardening expert Jenny Williams for her advice on how to grow jasmine and support it successfully. Along with her husband Tom, Jenny designed, planted and tends the garden at The Laundry in Wales and documents the garden on her Instagram account @thelaundrygarden.

Jenny advises that ‘once established, jasmine can become quite large vigorous climbers. The best way to support them is to either grow them up a tall strong sturdy pergola frame or, if growing against a wall, use taut horizontal wires, held by vine eyes, spacing the wires approximately 30-40cm apart with the lowest wire being 30cm above soil level.’

Recommended varieties of summer jasmine

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Jenny Williams suggests her two favorite varieties of summer jasmine which she grows in her own garden in Wales:

Jasminum officinalis ‘Aureum’ (Golden Jasmine); ‘This has bright golden foliage and pure white scented spring/summer blossom’ says Jenny.

And 'Jasminum officinale Argenteovariegatum, which has grey green leaves that are margined with cream fragrant white flowers that fllower all summer. It is happily climbing against a south facing wall by the entrance to my potting shed.’

Another pretty variety to try is the pink jasmine, jasminum polyanthum, but keep it in check as it can grow as high as 20ft. In warmer zones this may flower all year round.

Good companion plants for summer jasmine

‘If your white-flowered summer jasmine is climbing a pergola or trellis, it will look even better with another flowering plant growing through it,’ says Melanie Griffiths, editor of Period Living magazine.

‘Fellow climbers such as clematis are ideal. Varieties with dark purple flowers, such as Clematis x jackmanii or Clematis x “Julka” would provide a dramatic contrast to the jasmine's white flowers. Jackmanii grows to 12 feet (3.7 m), while Julka reaches 8 feet (2.4 m).’

Does summer jasmine need pruning?

Yes, says expert Jenny Williams. She advises ‘to keep them in check and looking their best, the best time to prune is just after flowering in late summer or early autumn. Cut back flowered stems to a strong side shoot lower down, always keep in mind when pruning winter and summer jasmine that they flower on previous years growth, so pruning after flowering gives the new growth time to mature for the next season.’

Trimming the tops of the vines will also encourage a fuller, more bushy growth.

How to grow winter jasmine

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Winter jasmine, or jasminum nudiflorum is a real ray of sunshine throughout the long winter months. You may spot the first flowers as early as November and they will keep coming right through to March. Winter jasmine brightens the dark days with its masses of little yellow star-shaped flowers on dark green foliage.

What conditions do you need to grow winter jasmine?

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Winter jasmine is frost hardy and easy to grow. It shares its summer cousin’s preference for full sun in fertile, well-drained soil but copes well in part shade.

However, unlike summer jasmine, this winter shrub’s stems are stiff and do not twine, so it is best grown with some kind of support – either a trellis or wires.

Jenny Williams says, ‘It’s really important to try and keep tying in the new growth in order to create a more pleasing look, it can be pruned once the flowers have faded in the spring, by doing this it gives the new growth time to mature and flower next year.’

When do you plant winter jasmine?

The best time to plant winter jasmine is in autumn or winter, if you’re planting at other times make sure you avoid extremes of heat and cold.

Winter jasmine has hardly any fragrance, however, bees love it and it provides an essential source of winter pollen for wildlife during winter months when there's not much else around. Another good reason to plant this cheery shrub.

What is false jasmine?

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False jasmine, sometimes called star jasmine or confederate jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides) is not part of the jasminum family at all but is often referred to as a jasmine because of its star-like flowers and heady jasmine-like scent. It flowers through the summer and has glossy oval leaves and shares the same growing conditions as common summer jasmine.

Whichever jasmine you choose to plant, put it in the right place and you'll be rewarded with a wealth of delicate star-shaped flowers, and for summer flowering varieties you'll have the added bonus of their fragrance, too.

How to grow jasmine – the most fragrant of climbers (2024)

FAQs

How do you grow fragrant jasmine? ›

Grow jasmines in moist but free-draining soil in full sun, up a sturdy support such as a trellis or wires. Feed weekly with a high potash fertiliser in summer and mulch in autumn with well-rotted manure or leaf mould. Cut back after flowering.

Which jasmine has the strongest scent? ›

The common Jasmine is considered the most fragrant Jasmine. Angel wing Jasmine, Wild Jasmine, Arabian Jasmine, and Lemon-scented Jasmine are all known for their scent. However, many Jasmine varieties have a discreet scent or don't have it.

Does jasmine like coffee grounds? ›

typically , jasmine enjoy more acidic soil so i add some coffee grounds to my jasmine pot.

What gives jasmine its smell? ›

Jasminaldehyde (also known as jasmine aldehyde and α-pentylcinnamaldehyde) is a fine chemical used as an aroma compound in perfumes. It is responsible for jasmine's characteristic scent. Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Does jasmine do better in pots or ground? ›

As long as jasmine is grown in well-draining soil and with plenty of sun, humidity, and water, it adapts well to potted environments.

What is the best smelling climbing jasmine? ›

Jasminum Stephanense Highly Fragrant Climbing Plant Large 3-4ft in a 3 Litre Pot. Jasmine Stephanense is a gorgeous vigorous, twining deciduous climber that looks superb growing against trellis, archways, fences and walls.

What is the best jasmine plant for climbing? ›

The lovely Chinese Star Jasmine is a well-liked and adaptable climbing plant that will elevate your outdoor area. Its lush, dark green foliage serves as a perfect backdrop for the abundant white star-shaped flowers that emit a captivating fragrance.

What are the climber problems with jasmine plants? ›

While a relatively hardy plant, you may run into a few jasmine plant climber problems such as stem blight, rust, and powdery mildew. It's also a plant that can be susceptible to bugs such as aphids and caterpillars. As such, you should keep an eye on your jasmine so you can quickly remedy any issues that may occur.

Does Epsom salt help jasmine plants? ›

Yes. As you apply fertiliser to your Jasmine plant, add Epsom salt to help speed up its growth and maintain its health. Fertilise every couple of months. During the spring and summer months, you can increase the frequency to once every few weeks.

Is Miracle Grow good for jasmine plants? ›

As always make sure your pot has well drainage. Fertilizing Jasmine all season long will ensure vigorous growth and repeat blooming. We recommend Miracle Grow's Miracid or Espoma's Holly Tone.

Which fertilizer is best for jasmine plants? ›

A: Any complete fertilizer high in the middle number — phosphorus — should be fine. That means any tomato or rose fertilizer should work. Notice they are recommending a fertilizer ratio of 1:3:1 (10-30-10).

What bugs hate jasmine? ›

Royal Jasmine

It is better to put this plant very close to the door, since its strong aroma repels mosquitoes, flies and wasps. They are also highly recommended to place them on balconies or gardens, so everyone can enjoy sunny days outside without annoying insects.

How do you keep jasmine happy? ›

Pruning annually will help to keep jasmine plants healthy and vigorous, with flowers lower down where their scent can be enjoyed. Pruning may also be necessary to keep them within their allotted space, and prevent the growth becoming too straggly, tangled or congested.

Can I just sprinkle coffee grounds on plants? ›

Using coffee grounds for plants improves the soil and reduces landfill waste. Simply tilling used grounds into the soil can help with aeration, drainage and water retention. More important, coffee grounds add vital nitrogen to the soil that allows plants to absorb water and nutrients.

What makes jasmine rice fragrant? ›

Today, I will tell you why, follow me. The secret of the fragrance in Thai jasmine rice is from the substances triggering the aroma in rice, namely the 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline essential oil or, in short, substance 2AP. This substance is the same substance found in pandan leaves and flowers.

How do you make jasmine flowers smell? ›

Steps to Extracting Fragrance From Flowers
  1. Step one: select your flowers. ...
  2. Step two: pick off the petals. ...
  3. Step three: add the oil. ...
  4. Step four: leave your flower mixture for 24 hours. ...
  5. Step five: drain your flowers and strain. ...
  6. Step six: record your results.

Does jasmine come back every year? ›

Is Jasmine an annual or perennial? Jasmine is a perennial that will grow year after year. Different varieties have different watering, space and sunlight needs depending on what zone they are growing in.

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